Tag Archives: 產業分析



該篇文章的作者認為:被多數國家視為先進科技象徵的半導體產業,其實本質上越來越像人類最古老的一個傳統產業 — 農業。


…However, the industry’s own economics are also to blame. Even without the world’s wider troubles, these would have caused problems. In explaining how, Dan Hutcheson, chief executive of VLSI Research, a consultancy, likens semiconductor manufacturing to a different industry: farming. Investment decisions have to be made long before products can be sold. Chip farmers have to spend billions and wait years before they can start etching circuits onto “wafers”, those thin disks of semiconductor material, the size of pizzas, which are sliced into hundreds of chips at the end of the production process.

This goes a long way towards explaining why chipmakers, like farmers, have a tendency to oversupply the market, particularly if they sell memory chips, an undifferentiated product (like winter wheat). Even if prices fall below costs, they have an interest in keeping their fabs humming, in order not to lose their heavy upfront investment and to recover the variable costs. What is more, they are caught on a “technology treadmill”, in the words of Mr Hutcheson. Competition forces them always to employ the latest technology, which both increases output and puts pressure on prices.

Finally, just as in agriculture, governments further fuel this innate tendency to oversupply. In prestige, national security, industrial policy or just a desire to create jobs, politicians have always found a reason to support their semiconductor industries, mostly with cash. Silicon Saxony, for instance, has received more than €1.5 billion (nearly $2 billion at today’s exchange rate) from the state of Saxony alone, much of it to coax AMD into investing. …

Continue reading 農業化的半導體產業



從1月的最後一天,微軟的Steve Ballmer提出446億美金併購價,一路加碼到475億美金。




過去媒體寵兒的形象不再、過去習慣的聚光燈也不再。有的只是市場分析師對其好不容易買進來卻沒啥用的搜尋廣告公司 — Overture冷眼與訕笑。後來又另起爐灶的【Panama】計畫,目前看來也沒多大成效。





Continue reading 微軟併購Yahoo雖破局,但談成又如何?